Ilex crenata – box-leaved holly is a species of holly native to eastern China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, and Sakhalin.
It is an evergreen shrub or small tree growing to a height of 3–5m tall, with a trunk diameter up to 20 cm. The leaves are glossy dark green, small, 10–30mm long and 10–17mm broad, with a crenate (wavy) margin, sometimes spiny. The plants are dioecious having separate male and female plants, with white, four-lobed flowers. The fruit is a black drupe stone fruit 5mm diameter, containing four seeds. It grows well in acidic soil, between a pH of 3.7 and 6.0.
Common name: Box Leaved Holly
Botanical name: Ilex crenata
Genus: Ilex can be deciduous or evergreen shrubs and trees with often spiny leaves, small white flowers (male and female usually on separate plants) and, on female plants, showy berries in autumn.
Details: Ilex crenata is a slow-growing, evergreen shrub or small tree, to 6m tall, with glossy, sometimes spiny, wavy-toothed, tiny leaves to 3cm long and nearly 2cm wide. Small white flowers, borne in summer, are followed by black fruits
Height and spread: 4-8 metres and 1-1.5 metres
Aspect: Full Sun or Partial shade
Hardiness: Fully hardy